Great Barrier Reef Destination Spot | Famous Tourist Attractions Places Near Me In Queensland Australia
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The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and
900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres.
The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia.
This reef structure is composed of and built by billions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps.
It supports a wide diversity of life and was selected as a World Heritage Site in 1981.
CNN labelled it one of the seven natural wonders of the world.
Thirty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises have been recorded in the Great Barrier Reef.
More than 1,500 fish species live on the reef, including the clownfish, red bass, red-throat emperor, and several species of snapper and coral trout.
Forty-nine species mass spawn, while eighty-four other species spawn elsewhere in their range.
Seventeen species of sea snake live in warm waters up to 50 metres deep and are more common in the southern than in the northern section.
Six species of sea turtles come to the reef to breed. The green sea turtles have two genetically distinct populations,
one in the northern part of the reef and the other in the southern part.
Fifteen species of seagrass in beds attract the dugongs and turtles, and provide fish habitat.
Saltwater crocodiles live in mangrove and salt marshes on the coast near the reef.
Around 125 species of shark, stingray, skates or chimaera live on the reef.
Close to 5,000 species of mollusc have been recorded on the reef, including the giant clam and various nudibranchs and cone snails.
Forty-nine species of pipefish and nine species of seahorse have been recorded. At least seven species of frog inhabit the islands.
215 species of birds visit the reef or nest or roost on the islands, including the white-bellied sea eagle and roseate tern.
The northern islands have 300–350 plant species which tend to be woody, whereas the southern islands have 200 which tend to be herbaceous; the Whitsunday region is the most diverse, supporting 1,141 species. The plants are propagated by birds.
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